Although it is big, 31% of it is forests. The terrain consists of tundra except in mountainous regions of the east. Climate Services Support Desk: 1-833-517-0376; get help from our climate experts to find, understand and use climate information Display and download climate data: view selected climate datasets on maps or download data Climate and Average Weather in Canada The biggest part of Canada has a continental climate, although average winter and summer high temperatures across Canada vary according to the location. Canada Weather, climate and geography Weather and climate Best time to visit. Canada’s climate varies wildly based on geography, from perma-frost in the north to four distinct seasons towards the equator. The northern two-thirds of the country has a climate similar to that of northern Scandinavia, with very cold winters and short, cool summers. BBC. The seasons dictate the look of the land: according to whether the natural environment is in a state of dormancy or growth. Humid air masses from the Pacific cause enormous quantities of orographic (mountain-caused) rain to fall on the west coast and mountain areas. Vancouver has an annual average precipitation of about 40 inches (1,000 mm). Generally, Canadians enjoy four very distinct seasons, particularly in the more populated regions along the US border. In general, the rainfall on Canada’s east coast is less than that on the west coast because the prevailing wind is offshore. During the summer, however, the parts of Canada farthest from open water are the warmest. The climate here features long, cold winters and short, cool summers. Thus, west-coast Vancouver has an average January temperature of 37 °F (3 °C) and an average July temperature of 64 °F (18 °C), while in Regina, Saskatchewan, on the interior plains, average temperatures vary from −1 to 67 °F (−18 to 19 °C). As the climate changed and the ice retreated, Akimiski began a gradual rebound. The highest temperature recorded was 113 °F (45 °C) at Midale and Yellow Grass, both in Saskatchewan, in 1937. Climate data web site is a gateway to information on matters such as past weather, climate normals, historical radar, almanac averages and extremes, and engineering climate data. In the winter those parts of the country farthest from open water are the coldest, so that in the interior plains and in the North the winters are extremely cold. NOW 50% OFF! The United States and Canada have more in common than just frigid winter temperatures where Alaska meets northwestern Canada. Cities with over 1 million residents. If you’re planning on skiing or enjoying winter sports, the best time to visit Canada is between December and April, though some resorts open as early as November and extend their seasons as late as June (or even July on Whistler’s glacier). ClimateData.ca is a climate data portal produced collaboratively by the country’s leading climate organizations and supported, in part, by the Government of Canada. More Facts About Canada . Canada’s climate is characterized by its diversity, as temperature and precipitation differ depending on where you are and what time of year it is. Specific information about weather and climate can be found on the climate pages per area or town. Annual Weather Averages Near Toronto. Westerly winds, blowing from the sea to the land, are the prevailing air currents in the Pacific and bring coastal British Columbia heavy precipitation and moderate winter and summer temperatures. In some parts of Canada it snows but in some parts it doesn’t. 1 February 2019. In the east the cold Labrador Current meets the Gulf Stream along the coast of Newfoundland and Labrador, cooling the air and causing frequent fog. Canada’s climate varies wildly based on geography, from perma-frost in the north to four distinct seasons towards the equator. Climate change concepts, trends, role of climate information in decision-making. climate & weather. Ocean currents play an important role, with both the warm waters of the Gulf Stream in the Atlantic and the Alaska Current in the Pacific affecting climate. Canadian Shield: As observed on the map, the Canadian Shield, covering the eastern half of Canada’s landmass is an ancient bedrock base of gneiss and granite covered by a shallow layer of soil. Annual Weather Averages Near Vancouver. The central southern area of the interior plains has a typical continental climate—very cold winters, hot summers, and relatively sparse precipitation. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! The blend of natural resources and climate sustains us. Averages are for Toronto Pearson International Airport, which is 12 miles from Toronto. Past weather data includes: temperature, snow, snow on ground, precipitation, rain, wind speed and direction, heating and cooling degree days, visibility, humidex, wind chill and relative humidity in Canada. I had never seen snow before I came here… the first year was amazing. Despite the cold, harsh climate, Native Canadians, called First Nations people, live in this region, where they hunt and fish for food. An aerial view of the boreal forest in Quebec. Winters, however, are normally long and harsh in most of the country. Canada’s snowfall does not follow the same pattern as rainfall. Other shared climate and vegetation zones are found along their joint border at the southern end of Canada and the northern end of the United States. However, the widest range of crops and the highest yields occur in southwestern British Columbia and southern Ontario. Ocean currents play an important role, with both the warm waters of the Gulf Stream in the Atlantic and the Alaska Current in the Pacific affecting climate. The boreal holds 100 times as much carbon as Canada emits each year. Last accessed 1 July 2020; BBC News. Display and download climate data. Several sites along the British Columbia coast receive annual quantities in excess of 100 inches (2,500 mm), but British Columbia receives much less precipitation in summer than in winter because low-pressure systems move on a more northerly track in summer and seldom cross the southern part of the coast. As far as countries go, Canada is pretty much the coolest — literally. Copyright © eBrands Media Group | All rights reserved. Temperatures rarely dip below zero in the fall, but you'll still want to bring a warm jacket. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2)​​​​​​​ in our atmosphere, as of May … WorldFactBook. Facts about Canadian Government talk about Her Majesty’s Government. In the interior plains and the North (Arctic and subarctic), precipitation is seldom more than 15 inches (400 mm) per year; it drops to as low as 2 inches (50 mm) at Eureka on Ellesmere Island. Ontario and Quebec have more rainfall than the interior plains because the air masses pick up water vapour from the Great Lakes, Hudson Bay, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Gulf of Mexico. Fall. Do You Know the Ontario Real Estate Market? 416 part​s per million 1. Statement from the World Conference on the Changing Atmosphere (Toronto, June 1988). There are six cities in Canada that have a population of over 1 … Canada Facts for Kids | Resources. Spring and summer are wetter than winter. The climate and intensity of these seasons vary across the country. Daytime summer temperatures can rise to 35°C and higher, while lows of -25°C are not uncommon in winter. Averages are for Vancouver International Airport, which is 7 miles from Vancouver. The depth of snow increases inland from each coast, reaching maximums of about 240 inches (6,100 mm) in the Rocky Mountains and on the shores of the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Southern Ontario and Quebec have a climate with hot, humid summers and cold, snowy winters, similar to that of some portions of the American Midwest. The term is can be used in general or specific purpose. Here are seven things that Canadians need to know about climate change and forests and, more generally, nature-based climate solutions. In this region the temperature can climb up to 35 degrees Celsius in the summer and descend to a chilly -25 degrees Celsius during winter. Climate Change Facts "Humanity is conducting an unintended, uncontrolled, globally pervasive experiment whose ultimate consequences could be second only to a global nuclear war." Canada.ca 15 May 2020. With its great size and geographic position, Canada plays a role in the development of prevailing weather systems that reliably affect the whole continent of North America. Except for the west coast, all of Canada has a winter season with average temperatures below freezing and with continuous snow cover. Spring in Canada. One of the hottest records in Canada was set as 37.2 , (99 f) in 1972. Economically and technologically, the nation has developed in parallel with the US, its neighbor to the south across the world's longest international border. About four-fifths of this cropland is in the Prairie Provinces. As air currents generally move from west to east, the west-coast mountains effectively keep marine air out. "Canada." It vies with Russia for first … Canada Facts for Kids References include: Central Intelligence Agency. Theresa: I know what you mean, despite what people may think, I’m not a big fan of cold myself! Climate Services Support Desk. Climate data and weather averages in Toronto. Canada is often associated with cold weather and snow, but in reality, its climate is as diverse as its landscape. Canada is a lot of fun in the winter if you visit from abroad actually. Other than the North where it’s above freezing for only a few months a year, most Canadian cities are within 300 km of the southern border, where mild springs, hot summers and pleasantly crisp autumns are common during the majority of the year. In the North and the interior plains, snowfall is light because cold air is very dry. Canada - Canada - Climate: Because of its great latitudinal extent, Canada has a wide variety of climates. Climate Factors. View selected climate datasets on maps or download data. 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